Diplodus sargus sargus
This species is very similar to the Sheepshead Bream for which it is often mistaken. Silvery grey in colour with a darker snout. In this fish, there is a black spot at the body side of the tail joint and there are about seven faint, dark vertical stripes down the body and a broad black band at the base of the tail.
HABITAT AND DISTRIBUTION
Frequently seen in large shoals and on littoral waters on rocky bottoms and sand close to rocks, to 50m in the Mediterranean.
Body oval, rather deep and compressed. Head curved. Colour silvery grey; a large black blotch at start of lateral line extending on upper margin of gill covers where it is edged below by a reddish area; a golden frontal band between eyes edged by two dark areas (not well defined in young individuals); dark longitudinal lines often present on sides of body; a dark band on dorsal fin; fork and tips of caudal fin edged with black.
Common throughout the Mediterranean. A coastal species, inhabiting seagrass beds, rocky and sandy bottoms as well as in the surf zone.
Generally grey, brownish to greenish in colour. The most recognized of the bream, it has two distinctive, vertical, black bands, one behind the eyes, the other before the tail. It has a large head and prominent eyes and numerous yellow lines run the length of its body.
HABITAT AND DISTRIBUTION
They live close to shore over muddy and sandy bottoms in the vicinity of rocks and harbour walls.
Typical bream shape with large head and steep profile. Silvery pink, head darker from mouth to nape. Caudal fin is dark pink, a dusky area often present at the pectoral axil and the tail is white tipped.
Inshore waters on hard or sandy bottoms.
Pink Bream with bluish flecks on its back and a reddish spot on pectoral base and sometimes a dark red mark at bases of last dorsal rays. Body oblong and upper profile of head straight and conical snout.
Inshore waters, on various bottoms (rocks, gravels, sand, mud) to 200m (Mediterranean).
Deep oval-shaped body with a small head. Dark greyish brown or blue back with golden longitudinal lines.
Live in large shoals over muddy and sandy bottoms in inshore waters.
Diplodus cervinus cervinus
Strikingly coloured bream with five or six vertical bands of dark brown against a cream coloured body. Snout rather conical and lips thick.
Inshore waters, on rocky bottoms (Atlantic 5-80m) and also muddy bottoms (Mediterranean 5-300m).